What is IVF, In Vitro Fertilization?
IVF is a process where egg insemination and fertilization take place outside the body, in a petri dish or a test tube. A woman’s eggs are aspirated from her ovaries and placed with sperm or injected with a single sperm. After culture of the embryos for three to five days, one or more embryos will then be transferred to the woman’s uterus. The IVF cycle includes administration of medicines for stimulation of the ovaries (ovarian hyperstimulation), egg retrieval, insemination and embryo culture, and embryo transfer. If patients choose and embryos are available after the transfer, cryopreservation (freezing) of embryos may be performed.
Who May Be Candidates for IVF?
- Women who are less than 43 years old. Those age 43 to 49 may consider donor egg or donor embryo cycles.
- Couples with unexplained infertility
- Women with absent, blocked or abnormal fallopian tubes
- Couples in which the male partner has an abnormal sperm count or sperm function
- Women who have a body mass index (BMI) less than 37. Click here to find out your BMI.
- Women who have endometriosis who have not achieved a pregnancy with other forms of treatment.
- Women with other infertility problems such as antisperm antibodies or severe cervical factor, for whom no alternative therapy is available and other treatments have been unsuccessful.
- Any patient or couple with longstanding infertility for which no other less invasive therapy has been successful.
How Successful is IVF?
IVF success rates vary dramatically from couple to couple. Many factors can affect an individual couples’ chance for success, and your NFC physician will advise you on your best chance. For more general information about IVF success, please visit sart.org and review our success rates. You can filter the data to show you our success in treating specific diagnoses, like endometriosis, for example.