Advanced fertility treatment: IVF
In vitro fertilization, also called IVF, is an advanced fertility treatment that has helped thousands of men and women overcome infertility and have children. Our Tennessee fertility center is among the nation’s leading IVF providers, working with Ovation Fertility™ to deliver state-of-the-art laboratory services based on the most current research and best practices in infertility care.
In IVF, ovarian stimulation medications are used to generate multiple eggs, which are then removed from the woman’s ovaries in an outpatient procedure under light anesthesia. The eggs are fertilized in our IVF lab, either by being placed with sperm or by being injected with sperm in a procedure called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The resulting embryos are closely monitored as they mature over three to five days, and the most viable embryo is selected for transfer to the woman’s uterus. Any remaining viable embryos are cryopreserved for either genetic testing or for future pregnancy attempts.
Our IVF lab can perform the following advanced IVF treatments:
- Assisted hatching to help the embryo implant into the uterine lining.
- For people who are concerned about genetic abnormalities, our Tennessee fertility center can also provide preimplantation genetic testing to detect chromosomal problems or genetic disorders in embryos prior to transfer.
- Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) confirms the chromosomal integrity of the embryo.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
Thanks to recent advances and Ovation Fertility laboratory techniques, our Tennessee fertility center has adopted the industry gold standard of freeze-all IVF and single embryo transfer.
Candidates for IVF
IVF is an effective fertility treatment that can help men and women overcome even severe infertility issues to become mothers and fathers. Comprehensive fertility testing of both partners can determine whether IVF is the best treatment for your specific fertility issues.
IVF may be recommended as a first-line treatment in cases of:
- Advanced maternal age or diminished ovarian reserve, in which a woman’s egg supply is too low to achieve pregnancy with other treatments, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI). If egg supply is very low, or the woman is approaching or already in menopause, donor eggs or donor embryos may be recommended.
- Absent, blocked or abnormal fallopian tubes. In IVF, the eggs are fertilized outside the body, circumventing any structural problems that prevent movement of the egg from the ovaries to the uterus.
- Abnormal sperm count or sperm function. Even men with almost no normal sperm may be able to father a child through IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). If no sperm are present, donor sperm may be recommended.
- Specific female fertility problems. When other treatments have not been successful, IVF addresses issues such as endometriosis, anti-sperm antibodies or severe cervical factor.
- Unexplained infertility, longstanding infertility or repeated IUI failure. IVF with PGS helps improve the odds for conception in these cases.
- Third-party reproduction and surrogacy.
Because a woman’s weight can affect her fertility and IVF outcomes, IVF may not be a good option for women who have a body mass index of 37 or higher. Calculate your BMI.
IVF success rates
Because so many factors combine to play a role in each individual’s fertility, IVF success rates can vary dramatically. Only through fertility testing of both partners can your fertility specialist thoroughly evaluate whether you need IVF, and what your chances for success may be with each cycle. To review our Tennessee fertility center’s overall IVF success rates, see our most current reports at sart.org.
To learn more about IVF or schedule an appointment with one of our board certified fertility specialists, contact our Tennessee fertility center.