Gestational Carriers Help Couples with Infertility Caused by Uterine Abnormalities or Medical Conditions
You may want to consider use of a Gestational Carrier (GC) if
You have a physical problem that prevents caring a baby
- you do not have uterus (womb) to physically carry a pregnancy
- if you have a structural abnormality of your uterus
- if you have a history of repeated pregnancy loss, and in particular, a loss related to preterm labor due to an incompetent cervix
You may also be a candidate to use a carrier if you have a medical condition or illness that would pose a serious health risk for you if you were pregnant. Such as:
- uncontrolled hypertension
- a heart condition
- history of an organ transplant
- a history of certain forms of cancer are some of the reasons why use of a gestational carrier may be recommended
Advanced maternal age may also be a reason to consider use of a carrier because of the increased maternal/fetal risks associated with advanced maternal age.
Who are Gestational Surrogates?
Carriers are women generally between the ages of 21 and 45 years of age, who are screened for general and reproductive health, genetic history, and psychological stability. They are screened for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Many potential gestational carriers have friends or relatives who have experienced infertility, and/or have children of their own and understand the significance of their gift.
While similar to egg donation, gestational surrogacy is a significantly more difficult process. The carrier will experience considerable inconvenience, some discomfort, and take some risk as she will follow the same steps required for in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The gestational carrier will receive daily hormone injections, daily ultrasounds and blood work, and will undergo embryo transfer at the completion of the IVF cycle. She will be required to continue intramuscular injections of progesterone in oil daily up to 10-12 weeks gestation if a pregnancy occurs. She will then have the great responsibility to carry the pregnancy to delivery.